Although the park is named “mountain of gold,” you probably won’t find any of that good stuff here (but let us know if you do). The name, rather, comes from the abundance of golden wildflowers that grow along the coastline, inspiring one of the original landowners to bestow the romantic description that has now become the park’s identity. What you will find is a landscape rich with an incredible latticework of rails, rural campsites, beautiful vistas, and enchanted beaches. Why not take a walk to the shoreline and peer in the cool, mysterious waters of a tidepool? Or bike to the very top of the park, rewarding yourself with a cool drink and one of the best views in Northern California? The opportunities for exploration and adventure are nearly endless here, and offer a wide range of activities suitable for almost everyone.
Montana De Oro offers some of the most beautiful sand dunes and beach camping on the California coast. In the mood for a sand thrill? Try sand boarding down the steepest dunes! The best-known beach is Spooner's Cove which is across from Islay Creek Campground. Montana de Oro camping is available at their one campground, Islay Creek Campground for campers in tents, trailers or motorhomes. Walk-in primitive camping is available as well.
Montana De Oro camping at the Islay Creek Campground offers 50 reservable campsites over the summer, and 25 during the winter months (the others...
Lovely campground. Make sure to book well in advance because it fills up quick. Something to note -- if you hear strange animal growls in the night, it's the bobcats. They're all over the place. Also, Valencia Peak trail is a must, even if it's shrouded in fog.
It may seem to go without saying, but this is a lovely park to find a sunny spot and break out your inner yogi
Despite the water being frigid, this is a quiet & beautiful campground (late Jan.) This campground was the inaugural camping trip for my wife and I after getting married in November so it holds a special place in our hearts. We arrived with heavy rain and dark clouds overhead but as we settled in it resolved to an incredible sunset. We can't wait to come back.
Got to fall asleep to the sound of crashing waves in the distance and frogs in the nearby creek. Absolutely beautiful. A short walk to the cruel beach, you are tucked I. The canyon so it's not as windy as I would have thought. Drop your money in the camp box as you drive in for the night and you are all good to go!
While this park’s location along the Pacific means that there are, theoretically, endless possibilities for boating, the park does not have a boat launch, meaning that you will have to put in elsewhere.
There are, however, some really great kayaking opportunities along the coastline, so be sure to check out that section as well!
The coastline that stretches all along the western border of the park means that there are as many opportunities for you to catch a fish as there are spots to sink a line (be extremely careful, however, as the surf is quite dangerous). Once you grab your license, check out the fishing situation in the California surf (word in the local forums is that the kayak fishing isn’t half bad either).
Camping here means that some of the best hiking in Northern California is literally just outside your door. Depending on which way you point your hiking boots, your trail may lead you along hillsides with stunning ocean views, through lush ecosystems that include a eucalyptus forest, down to the beach with its secret tidepool pockets of life, or to the top of Valencia Peak for a truly breathtaking panoramic of the landscape below. Trails range in length and difficulty, but there is really something for all skill levels, be they looking for an exhilarating hike or a gentle trip along the beautiful scenery.
Greetings, equestrians! If you love to explore by horseback, there are ample opportunities to take in the ruggedly beautiful landscape from a new perspective. There are five horse camps available for family and group outings, and while there are no horse rentals available, the camps do provide pipe corrals and plenty of parking for horse trailers.
Not all trails are acceptable for horses, so be sure to double check before you head out!
Sea kayaking is big in this area, and the park’s coastal location means lots of beach and water access. Try a sunset cruise along Spooner’s Cove, which also makes a great launch spot and is nicely protected from the rougher open waters. Or, if you are up for more of journey, make the trip from Spooner’s Cove to Morro Bay.
There are no rentals in the park, but there are several places in the area that do, meaning that there is no excuse to not get out there and get a whale’s eye perspective of the park.
Word on the street is Sandspit is the place to go if want to catch a wave, but definitely exercise caution and use your judgement before jumping in, as the currents are pretty strong, there is a steep dropoff, and the water can be quite treacherous.
While those gorgeous waters certainly are tempting, the currents can be pretty dangerous, even for experienced swimmers. Swimming really isn’t advisable, as, in addition to the heavy currents, the bottom swiftly drops to deep water, there are no lifeguards on duty, and the water conditions are usually unpredictable.
A wild coastline usually means some pretty great wildlife, and Montana State Park is no exception. Keep your eye out for the red flash of the beak of the the black oyster-catcher, found along the rocky shore, as well as pigeon guillemots, cormorants, western gulls and red-tailed hawk. Black-tailed deer, coyote, brush rabbits, raccoons and, occasionally, a mountain lion, call the hills, valleys and bluffs that make up the park home. Definitely watch where you are walking, though, as rattlesnakes have been found in the park (presumably giving Rattlesnake Flats its name).
For at least nine thousand years the ancestors of today’s Chumash and Salinan people inhabited the San Luis Obispo county coast, adapting as needed to climatic and environmental changes. They lived in small extended family groups, traveling from the coast to the interior valleys and back to procure their diet of fish and shellfish, small and large game, waterfowl, grasses, and seeds. Shelter, tools and clothing were fashioned using resources available in the immediate area, and what could not be obtained or produced locally was provided through extensive trade networks.
In 1769, the first European overland expedition, led by Don Gaspar de Portolá, an emissary of the Spanish government, made its way up the coast of California from San Diego to Monterey. The expedition made inroads for Spanish missionaries who followed closely behind, precipitating sudden, drastic and irrevocable changes to the landscape and lifeways of the indigenous people.
In 1772, only three years after the Portolá expedition came through Alta California, Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa was established only a few miles from what is now Montaña de Oro State Park. Many of the indigenous people were taken into the mission system, leaving behind their settlements, and adopting new means of subsistence in the agricultural practices of the mission. Their population was decimated through disease and violence and long standing cultural traditions were practiced only in secret. In 1821 Mexico gained independence from Spain. The Mexican government secularized the missions in 1833. After the mission period ended, native people and their descendants worked locally in agriculture, fishing and many other industries. Descendants of the native people continue to live in the area and have played an important role in the history of San Luis Obispo County. Modern Chumash and Salinan people today work diligently to protect and perpetuate their cultural traditions.
Following secularization of the missions, the Mexican government granted large tracts of what had been mission lands to political allies. Rancho Cañada de los Osos y Pecho y Islay was granted in 1845 by Governor Pio Pico to James Scott and John Wilson. The grant extended from the Pacific coast along Los Osos Creek and the Los Osos Valley almost to San Luis Obispo, and encompassed Montaña de Oro State Park and Los Osos.
The property changed hands several times. In the early 1890’s, Alden B. Spooner II established a farm, dairy, and hog raising operation on a portion of the land, ultimately purchasing it in 1902. By 1917 Spooner was working 9,000 acres with six miles of ocean frontage. Spooner built a ranch house, a reservoir, several barns, a creamery powered by a water wheel, stables, and sheds. As there were no roads to transport his goods to market, Spooner built a warehouse on the south bluff above Spooner’s Cove. Adjacent to the warehouse was a long chute reaching down to the ocean where goods could be loaded directly onto ships. Land on the marine terraces was leased to Japanese farmers who lived and grew vegetables there until their internment during World War II.
Spooner’s neighbor to the north was Alexander S. Hazard who also raised crops and operated a dairy. Hoping to cash in on California’s growing need for timber, in 1908 Hazard planted hundreds of Eucalyptus trees. Eucalyptus proved unsatisfactory for commercial use; however Hazard’s legacy, row upon row of Eucalyptus trees, remains in the park today.
In the early 1940’s Oliver C. Field purchased the ranch from the Spooner family, selling it 10 years later to Irene McAllister. In 1965 the land was purchased by the State of California for use as a park. It was decided to keep the name McAllister had given it: Montaña de Oro.